Feeds:
Posts
Comments
Oostanaula River

The City of Rome is blessed with abundant water supplies in the Etowah, Oostanaula and Coosa rivers, but more efficient use of these resources can translate into economic growth without some of the associated public costs of that growth.

In September, the Coosa River Basin Initiative presented a report to the Rome City Commission detailing how the city could reduce water use by 28 percent by implementing a handful of common sense water efficiency measures.

For instance, if homeowners in some 14,000 of the city’s residences replaced just one old water-wasting toilet with a new high efficiency toilet, 430,000 gallons of water could be saved daily. Add up the other measures detailed in the report and 1.7 million gallons a day could be saved.

Understandably, the water department and the commission are reluctant to pursue many of the measures suggested by CRBI. During recent years, revenues have declined steeply as large water users (Mohawk, Northwest Georgia Regional Hospital and others) have closed their doors. At a time when revenue is down, why would the department want its customers to purchase even less water? And, why conserve when we have abundant water? After all, about 19 billion gallons a day flows down the Coosa, and the city pumps only about 7 million daily.

Currently, Water Department Director Leigh Ross and his crews are balancing the cost of implementing water efficiency measures with the benefits derived from those investments. An ongoing leak detection program aims to reduce water loss in the system to 10 percent. Currently, the city can’t account for about 1 out of every five gallons it pumps from the river due to leaks and other losses). This important work must continue.

The sun drops behind the Robert Redden footbridge at the mouth of the Oostanaula River in downtown Rome. Photo by Amos Tuck

The sun drops behind the Robert Redden footbridge at the mouth of the Oostanaula River in downtown Rome. Photo by Amos Tuck

But, over the long-haul, state and local governments—and citizens—must do more to use existing water supplies more efficiently. Today’s cost-effective investments in water efficiency can prevent high-cost investments in new pipes and water treatment facilities down the road.

For example, in recent years Rome has spent some $30 million to upgrade and increase the capacity of its sewage treatment plant. If the city can grow while keeping water use near current levels, further expansion of that plant can be postponed or forestalled indefinitely—saving taxpayers millions.

Around the country, other communities have shown that aggressive water efficiency measures pay dividends. Boston avoided $500 million in water system expansions by investing $40 million in water efficiency measures. Likewise, New York City avoided $200 million in costs associated with expanding its water system by replacing some 1.3 million water-wasting toilets.

It’s simple: better use of existing water supplies saves us money—as individuals and as collective taxpayers.

Unfortunately, that much ballyhooed “culture of conservation” that we heard so much about during recent record droughts has been slow to take hold—both at local and state levels.

During the past three years, Gov. Nathan Deal’s administration has thrown $196 million at new dams and water supply reservoirs—many of questionable need. Meanwhile state funding for water efficiently has been anemic. From 2010 to early 2013, the administration funneled just $10.7 million to help local governments better use existing water supplies.

The state must do more to facilitate water conservation and efficiency programs, and at the local level, leaders must act to implement these programs. Becoming a more water efficient community translates into economic growth without many of the high-cost public investments associated with that growth.

Water conservation makes financial sense and insures that our most vital resource will be available in abundance for our children and grandchildren.

CRBI's Swimmable Water Action Day event attracted more than 50 tubers, floaters and swimmers to downtown Rome.

CRBI’s Swimmable Water Action Day event attracted more than 50 tubers, floaters and swimmers to downtown Rome.

While bicycling along the Oostanaula River recently, I slipped beneath the bypass at Rome’s State Mutual Stadium to find a bobcat nestled in the grass, stalking, I presume, one the many rabbits that call that area home.

I have traveled thousands of miles in wilderness settings, hiking trails and paddling rivers, and it takes a leisurely ride down a paved city bike trail to see my first bobcat in the wild.

I’ll take it as a talisman of the good things that are happening on and along our rivers.

During the past two weekends, the Coosa River Basin Initiative (CRBI) led more than 220 people down local rivers on canoe trips and floats (See photos from Aug. 2 Etowah River Paddle). Down in Euharlee, Ron Thomas at Euharlee Creek Outfitters reports that his tube, kayak and canoe rental business on the Etowah is the best its ever been.

People are returning to our rivers—and discovering them for the first time—in droves. And, it’s about to get even easier to experience these watery treasures.

Upstream from Euharlee, the City of Cartersville just completed—with financial assistance from CRBI—a new canoe and kayak launch at Ga. 113. And, within the next few weeks, Bartow County, in partnership with CRBI, will break ground on a much-needed public boat launch and parking area on the Etowah at US 411 between Rome and Cartersville.

Taking the plunge into the Etowah River near Cartersville.

Taking the plunge into the Etowah River near Cartersville.

After each of the trips we led during the past two weekends, we heard comments like: “Why we haven’t done this before?” “We had a blast!” and “I never knew!”

If you grew up between 1950 and 1980, it is likely that you view our rivers as waste receptacles—scary places filled with sewage, industrial waste and all manner of filth. For the better part of the 20th century, they were just that. But in 1972, Congress passed the Clean Water Act, and since then we have eliminated much of the pollutants that once tainted our rivers.

In Rome, where toilet paper, raw sewage and textile waste once floated downstream, last weekend some 50 swimmers floated on tubes and pool lounges, splashing and diving and dipping in the water. (See the Swimmable Water Action Day Video on You Tube)

If you are a child of the 21st century your view of the river is likely much different than your parents or grandparents.

Earlier this year, after CRBI volunteers led a group of students from the Murphy-Harpst Children’s Home on a 13-mile paddle down the Oostanaula River, we received this note from one of the group’s chaperones:

“At one point the young man in my boat told me “thank you.” When I asked why, he said, “For letting me go.” I asked if he had a good time, and he said: “Someday when I have a family, I am going to do this with them. It’s the best day I ever had.”

This from a young man whose own family had been torn apart by dysfunction and abuse.

Over the past 40 years, communities have taken action to improve the health of our rivers. Now those cleaner, swimmable rivers are changing people.

There’s still plenty of time left this summer to get out and experience our rivers. CRBI has five paddle trips, an Adventure Race and a cleanup planned before the end of September, and on Aug 23 you can take a ride on a power boat or float a homemade raft down our rivers during CRBI’s River Revelry—A Biodiversity Bash.

Step into the water and see what our rivers can do for you.

Is moving mass quantities of water across North Georgia's mountains, ridges and valleys really a viable water supply option?

Is moving mass quantities of water across North Georgia’s mountains, ridges and valleys really a viable water supply option?

Water planners in North Georgia want to explore the possibilities of creating a “water grid” in North Georgia that would enable water to be moved from as far as “Union County to Floyd County,” according to information presented to the Coosa-North Georgia Regional Water Council Meeting Wednesday at Tellus Museum in Cartersville.

The Council, created by the state as part of the Comprehenisve Statewide Water Management Plan in 2006, continues to meet and coordinate water supply planning efforts across North Georgia.

Brooke Anderson, director of the Etowah Water & Sewer Authority, likened the plan to the power grid that ensures electricity for homes and businesses, and said the study will determine if such a plan would be feasible or if it was “a bad idea that just needs to go away.”

I can help Mr. Anderson answer that question: It’s a bad idea that doesn’t even need to be studied. 

Moving water around is much different than moving electricity. It requires miles and miles of pipes and not just a few megawatts of electricity. And, in case the water planners haven’t noticed, North Georgia’s landscape isn’t exactly flat. Water would need to be pumped hither and yonder, uphill and around ridges, at exorbinant costs.

In fact, shortly after discussion about a North Georgia “water grid,” Jud Turner, director of Georgia’s Environmental Protection Division, speaking to the gathered water planners, lampooned the idea of moving water from the Tennessee River to Atlanta, noting that it was not a gentle slope downhill from Chattanooga to Atlanta.

The bottomline–moving mass quantities of water is a highly expensive proposal. And, it comes with costs to the health of our rivers and streams; not to mention the economic health of communities that might be on the downstream end of massive water diversions.

Mass diversions of water across North Georgia could deplete donor rivers and streams, impacting other water uses such as recreation and farm irrigation.

Mass diversions of water across North Georgia could deplete donor rivers and streams, impacting other water uses such as recreation and farm irrigation.

Rather than investing in studies about how we can move water around, doesn’t it make more sense to invest in finding ways to help communities use the water they have more efficiently?

Efficiency projects conserve both water and power. If we can use our water more efficiently, we don’t have to…

Invest in costly plans to pipe and pump water across the state

Spend millions building new dams and water supply reservoirs

Argue with fellow citizens whose water is being diverted to another part of the state

While interconnectivity between neighboring water systems should certainly be explored to mitigate any water supply emergencies (another part of the Council’s planned study), the idea of moving mass quantities of water across North Georgia needs to be buried. And, I suspect once the $75,000 state grant money is spent, that will be the study’s conclusion.

That said, the Council’s efforts, and those of the North Georgia Water Resources Partnership, a group originally spearheaded by former CRBI Board President and Floyd County Commissioner Jerry Jennings, are to be commended.

Unlike other water councils around the state, the North Georgia group is steadily moving forward with implementing its plan. This includes getting local governments to develop master plans for water supply, implement water conservation projects, improve wastewater treatment plants and control polluted run off to protect the health of our streams, rivers and lakes.

They are making water a priority and that’s a good thing.

Joe Cook

May 1, 2014

 

 

The 2014 legislative session brought a mixed bag of both good and bad for Georgia's rivers.

The 2014 legislative session brought a mixed bag of both good and bad for Georgia’s rivers.

If you blinked, you might have missed it. The Georgia General Assembly wrapped up their work March 20–the official start of spring and the official start of the 2014 campaign season (legislators cannot raise campaign money while in session and with primaries coming up May 20, there was impetus to get the leglislating out of the way and get on with fundraising).

Our rivers and streams fared well during the fast-paced session. Here’s a compilation of bills impacting our water and the critters that live in them and depend upon them–including us!

Flint River Bill Gets Watered Down

SB 213–The Flint River Protection Act was among the hottest topics at the Gold Dome. Lining up on one side was the Georgia Chamber of Commerce, the Georgia Farm Bureau and the Georgia Agribusiness Council. On the other side was the Georgia Water Coalition, private property rights activists, and thankfully a small group of legislators that saw the danger in this legislation and worked tirelessly to get the bill amended.

In one of the feel-good stories of the session, the debate over SB 213 showed that the legislative process can work. Originally, this bill could have been used to topple long-

A clear cold spring bubbling forth from the Floridan aquifer spills into the Flint River in Southwest Georgia. The Flint depends on the aquifer for much of its flows, but the aquifer has been depleted by massive agriculture-related water withdrawals.

A clear cold spring bubbling forth from the Floridan aquifer spills into the Flint River in Southwest Georgia. The Flint depends on the aquifer for much of its flows, but the aquifer has been depleted by massive agriculture-related water withdrawals.standing Georgia water law and supported a highly-speculative, billion-dollar “flow augmentation and water exchange” that would have taken rights from southwest Georgia farmers in an attempt to secure more water for metro Atlanta.

standing Georgia water law and supported a highly-speculative, billion-dollar “flow augmentation and water exchange” that would have taken property rights from southwest Georgia farmers in an attempt to secure more water for metro Atlanta.

The hard work of Georgia Water Coalition members, led by Flint Riverkeeper, and including CRBI, informed legislators of the dangers of this bill and they responded. Attorney legislators Rep. Regina Quick (Athens) and Rep. Wendall Willard (Sandy Springs) along with rural legislators from Southwest Georgia led by Rep. Delvis Dutton (Glennville) and Rep. Debbie Buckner (Junction City) pushed the bill’s sponsors to amend the legislation so as to narrowly define the purpose of the bill.

As passed, the bill does what its proponents claimed they wanted to do: protect endangered mussels in four Flint River tributaries, and prevented a dangerous wholesale change in Georgia water law. Neither proponents or opponents left completely satisfied…and that is the nature of of the process.

Emergency Response Improved 

In May 2011, after discharges from a Screven County textile plant contributed to the largest fish kill in Georgia history, Georgia’s Environmental Protection Division struggled to respond effectively to the catastrophic emergency. In fact, it was days before downstream water suppliers using Ogeechee River water were notified of the mess. That was in large part due to the fact that funding for EPD’s Emergency Response Team had been gutted–along with its staff.

In response, the Georgia Water Coalition worked with legislators from Ogeechee River communities to introduce HB 549. This bill passed both the House and Senate and now sits on the Governor’s desk. It mandates that EPD fund and maintain an emergency response program and coordinate with local authorities to better respond to tragedies like the Ogeechee River fish kill–another great victory for our rivers and streams in the 2014 legislative session.

Funds for Wildlife Tags Restored

When Georgia auto owners purchase license plates they have the option of buying a specialty tag to support Georgia’s Non-Game Wildlife Program. Unfortunately, that license program has generated fewer and fewer funds–due to lagging plate sales and the fact that only a fraction of the funds from renewals actually goes to the program. HB 881 lowers the purchase and renewal fees for these specialty tags from $35 to $25 and increases the allocation to GA DNR from $10 to $19 the first year and $20 for renewals.

This means state biologists like fish expert Bret Albanese and mussel man Jason Wisniewski will have more resources to study and understand the species we are all working to protect. Kudos to bill sponsor Rep. Bubber Epps (Dry Branch) and our legislators for recognizing the importance of this program.

Sewage Sludge Gets Slapped in Dawson County

A measure to better protect the Etowah RIver in Dawson County from run off from land-applied sewer sludge passed.

A measure to better protect the Etowah RIver in Dawson County from run off from land-applied sewer sludge passed.

The Coosa River Basin’s own Rep. Kevin Tanner (Dawsonville) responded to constituents that were threatened by a private out-of-county company that wanted to spread sewer sludge in their backyards. Tanner’s HB 741 offers protection from this kind of unwanted intrusion and gives more power to local governments in determining where sludge can and cannot be spread. The bill now sits before the Governor. The Dawson County Homeowners Association was instrumental in bringing this issue to Rep. Tanner’s attention and is yet more proof that our democratic system does work.

Here’s Where The Good News Ends…

For all the good news, we saw plenty evidence of just how the legislative process can go awry.

 

General Electric Site in Rome Impacted As Harried Senators Miss Key Amendment 

In the fast-paced closing days of the session when legislators are asked to understand and vote on dozens of bills and countless amendments, Sen. Chuck Hufstetler (Rome) joined other senators in proposing an amendment to a bill effecting Georgia’s Brownfield laws.

Whether intentional or not, the HB 957 could allow highly contaminated sites like General Electric’s PCB-laced facility in Rome to be eligible for inclusion in Georgia’s Brownfield program–a designation that would relieve GE of treating contaminated groundwater at the site.

Georgia Water Coalition members and CRBI brought this consequence to the attention of several senators, and Hufstetler and Sen. William Ligon (Brunswick) introduced an amendment to remedy this potential “unintended consequence.” Unfortunately, in the harried last days of the session, the amendment failed on 16-18 vote. Many of the senators did not even get a chance to see the amendment before Lt. Gov. Casey Cagle called the vote. The bill, without the important amendment, passed and now sits on the Governor’s desk.

Groundwater on the Georgia Coast Loses Long-Standing Protection 

Since 1999, groundwater on Georgia’s coast has been protected by a moratorium on the controversial practice of injecting river water and other surface water into pristine underground wells. The process, known as “aquifer storage and recovery,” aims to increase water supplies by “storing” surface water in underground aquifers. In other areas where this technique has been attempted, groundwater has been contaminated and in other cases, well drillers have been unable to “recover” the “stored” water. In other words, it’s a highly risky, highly speculative water supply “tool.”

Of course, that means the Deal Administration is all over it. SB 306, a bill that would have extended the long-standing moratoruium on aquifer storage and recovery in the Floridan aquifer along the Georgia coast, was tabled in Sen. Ross Tolleson’s Natural Resources Committee–no doubt a directive from the Deal Administration which has invested part of its Water Supply Program funds in an experiemental groundwater project at Tybee Island.

Legislators, who have proven they support the moratorium by extending it repeatedly, were never give a chance to vote on the issue–another fine example of the adulteration of the legislative process.

Stream Buffers to Take A Beating?

Protection of the Yahoola Creek Reservoir in Lumpkin County was at the center of controversy swirling around SB 299.

Protection of the Yahoola Creek Reservoir in Lumpkin County was at the center of controversy swirling around SB 299.

They finally did it! With the help of Sen. Steve Gooch (Dahlonega) Lumpkin County’s independent-minded, don’t-tread-on-me county leaders finally got legislation passed addressing those on-so-onerous stream buffers aimed at protecting their own drinking water stored in Yahoola Creek Reservoir. SB 299, addressing stream buffer protections above water supply reservoirs, passed both houses and now sits before Gov. Deal.

Lumpkin County has never been able to access the water in the reservoir (which county taxpayers paid to build) because county commissioners have steadfastly refused to create a watershed protection plan that abides by state rules and regulations that every other county must follow.

At issue is a 150-foot no-build buffer on either side of streams feeding Yahoola Creek Reservoir. Granted, in the steep, hilly terrain of Lumpkin County, this wide buffer would force some property owners to build homes and other structures in areas that might do more harm than placing the structure closer to the stream. That problem should be addressed.

That said, current laws allow Lumpkin County to enforce buffers of as little as 50-feet in a watershed protection plan so long as they also limit development density and implement other watershed protection measures.

SB 299, as passed, changes nothing. The long-bemoaned 150-foot buffers are still the law. But, that may change if EPD initiates a new rule-making process in which less restrictive stream buffers might be adopted. Given the track record of the current administration, a battle in the rule-making process looms in the future.

Now come the elections. Ask the candidates what they’ll do for Georgia’s water!

Joe Cook

March 25, 2014

 

Bovine Spring is one of many springs bubbling from the Floridan aquifer that sustain flows in the Flint River.

Bovine Spring is one of many springs bubbling from the Floridan aquifer that sustain flows in the Flint River.

The Georgia General Assembly is a strange place. The saga of SB 213, the so-called Flint River Drought Protection Act, is a prime example. This bill that could harm farmers is supported by the Georgia Farm Bureau. And, while its proponents claim the bill is all about protecting endangered species, Georgia’s environmental community (lovers of  critters both rare and common) opposes the bill.

It’s enough to make even a seasoned legislator scratch their head and wonder…what’s going on here?

Here’s what’s going on:

The Flint River is getting drained dry. Water diversions and water treatment systems in metro Atlanta divert millions of gallons of water from the Flint daily, and downstream in southwest Georgia’s agricultural belt, the state has issued more than 6,500 permits for watering farms around the Flint River. In the upper Flint, studies show that today during droughts there is 70 percent less water in the river than during comparable droughts in the 1950s and 1980s.

In 2001, the state passed the first Flint River Drought Protection Act: that law authorized the state to pay farmers not to irrigate their crops during droughts. Not surprisingly, that plan didn’t work so well.

The latest Flint River Drought Protection Act requires farmers implement water conservation measures and irrigate crops more efficiently—a great plan!

CLICK HERE TO VIEW A YOU TUBE VIDEO ABOUT SB 213 

Unfortunately, the bill includes a Trojan Horse—and this horse is what has legislators flummoxed.  The bill, which is awaiting final passage in the House of Representatives, includes language that that supports a “flow augmentation” scheme.

The state will take water from the Floridan aquifer (the very groundwater most farmers use to irrigate their crops) and pump it into deeper underground caverns for “storage.” Then when flows on the Flint get low, they’ll pump the water out of the ground and into the Flint. Sound preposterous? It is.

A center-pivot irrigation system rolls across corn along the Flint River in Southwest Georgia.

A center-pivot irrigation system rolls across corn along the Flint River in Southwest Georgia.

This process, often called “aquifer storage and recovery,” has never been done successfully in Georgia, and where it is used elsewhere, it has met with limited success. Some projects have failed to yield the amount of water expected and in other cases, the projects have contaminated pristine groundwater.

The Deal Administration doesn’t even know if its scheme will work. It’s currently investing more than $4 million on a test project on the Flint, and they say if it works, it will be used to protect endangered species.

That’s Interesting.

The same administration that has funneled $160 million to dam and reservoir projects in the past two years that will wipe out habitat for endangered fish is now an advocate for endangered mussels?

Here’s where the soldiers bust out of the Trojan horse. This test project was originally pitched by political insiders close to the Deal Administration. The plan is to build up to 150 augmentation wells in Southwest Georgia and pump up to 250 million gallons a day into the Flint to create a “water exchange” that will enable metro Atlanta to take more water from the Chattahoochee River which joins the Flint at the Florida state line.

The cost of this grand scheme: $900 million to $1.2 billion, presumably to be financed by taxpayers and water customers.

What’s worse is that language in this bill would allow Atlanta bureaucrats to prevent farmers along the Flint from withdrawing water from the river when these “flow augmentation” projects are operating—essentially assigning “ownership” to water in the river.

Is the Flint River Drought Protection Act really about protecting mussels like this?

Is the Flint River Drought Protection Act really about protecting mussels like this?

This provision could undo 200 years of Georgia water law that says Georgia’s water is not owned by anyone, but is available for the reasonable use of ALL waterfront property owners.

Georgia’s House of Representatives needs to vote “NO” on this bill.  A yes vote, regardless of the Deal Administration’s real motives, is a vote that will endanger Georgia water law, take rights from property owners and put taxpayers on the hook for a water supply scheme that could cost more than $1 billion.

Feb. 21, 2014

The Etowah River  would be impacted by a new reservoir on Richland Creek, a tributary of the river in Bartow County.

The Etowah River would be impacted by a new reservoir on Richland Creek, a tributary of the river in Bartow County.

Would you invest millions in a speculative product for which there was no demand? You would if you were Gov. Nathan Deal.

Would you invest millions of dollars in a company manufacturing widgets if that company lost 25 percent of its widgets in shipping? You would if you were Gov. Nathan Deal.

Of course, Gov. Deal has not been known for his acumen in his personal investments, but here he’s investing our tax dollars…and we should be very concerned.

Georgia Water Coalition

It was these shaky investments, doled out as part of the Governor’s Water Supply Program (GWSP) that the Georgia Water Coalition highlighted in its recently released “Dirty Dozen,” a list of the 12 worst offenses to Georgia’s water (full list available at http://www.garivers.org/gawater/dirtydozen.htm).

A week before this list was released, the Deal Administration announced that it would invest $45 million in four water supply projects including the proposed Glades Reservoir in Hall County and the proposed Richland Creek Reservoir in Paulding County.

Thankfully, for Lumpkin and Dawson county residents, the Deal Administration opted not to provide funding for the proposed Calhoun Creek Reservoir—a pipedream that even Gov. Deal balked at…for now.

The need for the Glades Reservoir, to be filled with water diverted from the Chattahoochee River upstream of Lake Lanier, is very much in question. Depending on the outcome of studies by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Hall County and others may be able to take much more water from Lake Lanier, rendering Glades unnecessary.

What Floats Your Boat?$160 million in state funds for reservoirs in the last two years or $22 million for water efficiency projects?

What Floats Your Boat?$160 million in state funds for reservoirs in the last two years or $22 million for water efficiency projects?

In fact, to make it easier to funnel money to Glades, in October the Deal Administration changed the application rules for the GWSP, eliminating the requirement that applicants demonstrate a need for new water supply though 2050.

Likewise, the necessity of Paulding County’s Richland Creek reservoir is very doubtful. The county’s unrealistic population growth projections, its anemic water conservation efforts and uncertainty over how much water will be available from Lake Allatoona (the county’s current water supply) leave one wondering about the projected $90 million dam project (more than $50 million of which has already been provided by the Deal Administration through state loans).

What’s worse, the Paulding County Water Department, which would handle the water from this reservoir loses one out of every four gallons that it distributes because of leaking pipes and other inefficiencies.

Yet, the Deal Administration remains fixated on building dams. The single-minded focus is driven largely by the two-decade old water war with Alabama and Florida where it appears the Deal Administration’s strategy is to build its own reservoirs, control what flows into the federal lakes (Allatoona and Lanier) and circumvent federal control of these multi-state river systems.

The Administration’s latest move is to change yet another state rule (to be voted on by the Department of Natural Resources Board in December). This one would expand the state’s claim of “ownership” of water released from reservoirs upstream of Lanier and Allatoona.

To put Gov. Deal’s water spending priorities in perspective, consider this: During the past two years, he has directed $160 million to reservoir projects while sending only about $22 million to water efficiency projects which are generally considered the most cost-effective water supply investments we can make.

These mixed-up priorities and rule changes serve only to aggravate already contentious relations with Alabama and Florida—not to mention the federal government—and make reaching a water sharing agreement with our neighbors that much more elusive.

Federally protected Cherokee darters are among the fish that would be impacted by the proposed Richland Creek Reservoir in Paulding County

Federally protected Cherokee darters are among the fish that would be impacted by the proposed Richland Creek Reservoir in Paulding County

Alabama and Florida have already balked at Glades Reservoir, and a similar project on the Etowah River (Hickory Log Creek Reservoir), though completed, has gone unused because the Corps has repeatedly blocked Georgia’s claim of “ownership” of the water released from this reservoir into the Etowah River and Lake Allatoona.

Does the Deal Administration expect a different outcome from Glades Reservoir?

If Gov. Deal were wise he’d place a moratorium on dam investments until we know how much water we can realistically take from the big federal reservoirs. Simultaneously, he should direct his water supply funds to help communities like Paulding County fix their leaking pipes.

But don’t hold your breath; we’re dealing with Deal, a governor known for unwise business investments.

I love hogs. They’re cute, reportedly exceptionally smart…and they taste delicious.

But putting a smoked and chopped butt on my barbecue sandwich comes with consequences. Anyone who has raised these animals will tell you it can be a nasty business—especially when thousands of them are raised together.

Hogs poop—a lot. Studies (and I wouldn’t want to be the scientist collecting this data) show that a hog creates nearly four times the waste of your average human. That means that a farm with 12,500 hogs produces the same amount of poop as a city of 50,000 (that’s more than two city’s the size of Cartersville or Canton).

Keeping that in mind, consider this: Gov. Nathan Deal’s administration is now considering weakening rules that protect our communities from mega hog farms. The proposed changes would open the door to large factory farms and roll back rules that have been in place since the 1990s specifically to prevent Georgia’s farms, open spaces, rivers and streams from being defiled by hog manure.

The proposed rules would allow industrial farms with up to 12,500 hogs to be plopped down in our communities without providing notice to neighboring landowners; without limits on open liquid manure lagoons and without sufficient setbacks from public water supplies, streams, schools and neighbors.

This is as bad an idea as barbecue without sauce. So, why is it even being considered?

Charles Griffin, executive vice president of the Georgia Pork Producers Association in Bainbridge, told a Morris News Service reporter earlier this month that the push comes from four or five hog farmers that want to expand enough to provide jobs for their children.

A commendable motive, for sure, but the new rules would also invite more large-scale hog operations to Georgia.

One need look no further than neighboring North Carolina for a cautionary tale in hog farming. The Tar Heel State is one of the country’s leading hog producers and at any given time there are some 10 million hogs there. In 1995, an eight-acre hog waste lagoon ruptured and poured 25 million gallons of liquid manure into the New River. More than 10 million fish were killed and more than 364,000 acres of coastal wetlands were closed to fishermen.

And, this wasn’t the only hog manure tragedy. A string of spills that fouled other rivers and neighborhoods prompted the state to adopt laws that placed tougher restrictions on new hog operations. Now, anyone wanting to start a new hog operation in North Carolina with more than 250 animals is prohibited from using open waste lagoons  and spray fields to handle the waste.

Astoundingly, here in Georgia if the proposed rule changes are adopted, the same waste management practices that are deemed inadequate for 250 hogs in North Carolina may be used to handle the waste of up to 12,500 Peach State hogs.

Georgia’s Environmental Protection Division is accepting comments on the new hog rules through Oct. 28 via e-mail at EPDComments@dnr.state.ga.us. And on Dec. 3, the Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Board will vote on the proposed rules.

The Board should reject these weakened hog rules and vote to protect our communities, our fisheries and our water. Georgia has plenty of barbecue to brag about, but raising hogs under these new regulations would be a disgrace.

To view a list of the 19 DNR Board members and see who represents you, visit http://www.gadnr.org/board and then contact your Governor-appointed DNR Board member, at dnrboard@dnr.state.ga.us

Those wanting to learn more about the issue can visit the Georgia Water Coalition website: http://www.garivers.org/gawater/CAFOs.htm or read the Georgia Water Wire Blog

Joe Cook

Oct. 20, 2013

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.